您现在的位置:主页 > 普高辅导 > 英语辅导 >  > 正文


2017-08-16 20:33http://www.fortbridge.com全国高考网




  You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson。 Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

  Jane Addams (1860-1935)

  Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank。 Addams helped the poor and worked for peace。 She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize。

  Rachel Carson (1907-1964)

  If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today。 Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans。

  Sandra Day O’Connor (1930-present)

  When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman。 She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S。 Supreme Court。 O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court。

  Rosa Parks (1913-2005)

  On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger。 Her simple act landed Parks in prison。 But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott。 It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement。 “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in, “said Parks。

  21。 What is Jane Addams noted for in history?

  A。 Her social work。

  B。 Her lack of proper training in law。

  C。 Her efforts to win a prize。

  D。 Her community background。

  22。 What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?

  A。 Her lack of proper training in law。

  B。 Her little work experience in court。

  C。 The discrimination against women。

  D。 The poor financial conditions。

  23。 Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?

  A。 Jane Addams。   B。 Rachel Carson。     C。 Sandra Day O’Connor。            D。 Rasa Parks

  24。 What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

  A。 They are highly educated。     B。 They are truly creative。

  C。 They are pioneers。           D。 They are peace-lovers。


  我们来详细看看题,听力的话就不讲了,直接来看阅读题。我们就从第一段说一下,居里夫人是谁,怎么怎么样。居里夫人这个词2011年的陕西卷也考过,考过居里夫人和她的女儿,这两个人得诺贝尔奖。居里夫人一家人一共有五个人六次得过诺贝尔奖,大家不知道,只知道居里夫人一个人。这篇文章就是说看这个地方的这句话,这篇文章的核心就是过去100年中最具有影响力的女人是谁,咱们来看题。第一题,说她是为什么在历史上是闻名的,已经有同学在说了这个题选A。找这个Jane这个人,这个地方的第一句话怎么说的呢?anyone who……任何一个做社会工作的人,这地方涉及到一个语法的,需要去谢谢某人,这个人是社会工作者,这个题基本上是送分的。第一个美国得诺贝尔奖的人。


  第三个题他说谁做了巨大的贡献在civil-rights,实际上就是内战,谁引领了美国的民权的运动呢?答案是D。咱们来看看这个人是怎么出来的,你直接定位,第一个题很简单的,看什么选什么,定位的时候我们来看看这个人是怎么回事。前面说这个人拒绝在公交车上让座,因此被逮捕了。那他于是就开启了让这个地方的BUS boycott,boycott也是大家不认识的,我们认识boy,boycott其实是抗议抵制的意思,不认识也没关系。咱们直接把这个东西给定位过去,我们就能看到具体想要的是什么。最后面这句话是我觉得我很疲惫的是疲于去屈服,这个人不屈服导致了民权运动。




  Grandparents Answer a Call

  As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away, even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help with their children, she politely refused。 Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Garza finally say yes。 That was four years ago。 Today all three generations regard the move as a success, giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities。

  No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren。 Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing。 Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for her granddaughters。 According to a study grandparents com。 83 percent of the people said Mrs。 Robinson‘s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family。 Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family。

  “In the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough or fast enough to prove we could do it on our own,” says Christine Crosby, publisher of grate magazine for grandparents。 ”We now realize how important family is and how important to be near them, especially when you’re raining children。”

  Moving is not for everyone。 Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead。 Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder。

  25。 Why was Garza’s move a success?

  A.It strengthened her family ties。

  B.It improved her living conditions。

  C.It enabled her make more friends。

  D.It helped her know more new places。

  26。 What was the reaction of the public to Mrs。 Robinson’s decision?

  A.17% expressed their support for it。

  B.Few people responded sympathetically。

  C.83% believed it had a bad influence。

  D.The majority thought it was a trend。

  27。 What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?

  A.They were unsure of raise more children。

  B.They were eager to raise more children。

  C.They wanted to live away from their parents。

  D.They had little respect for their grandparent。

  28。 What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the last paragraph?

  A。 Make decisions in the best interests‘ of their own

  B。 Ask their children to pay more visits to them

  C。 Sacrifice for their struggling children

  D。 Get to know themselves better


  看第二篇阅读,这是一个故事,这篇阅读里面的标题叫做Grandparents Answer a Call,讲的就是奶奶爷爷们接电话。更多的爷爷奶奶开始跟儿子们或者孙子们搬在一起生活的事。第一题叫做为什么移动是一个成功。我们先定位,定位到文章,第一次出现的地方是这里Garza,这里还出现了Garza,但是我知道第二段这个地方的Garza已经错了,因为他说like Garza,像他一样的。我们看第一段,最近三代人都把这个看成很成功的事,给他们一个更近的关系,这个地方是朋友聚会的情态动词的考察,给他们一个更靠近,更亲密的关系。祖父和祖母之前跟小孩们,他们是生活在较远的地方,但是现在老奶奶到了这个地方去帮助她的小孩们一起生活。所以说这个题选A是很简单的。也会出现一个问题,叫strengthened,就是把东西加强的意思,ties是联系,加强了家庭之间的联系,选A。

  接下来26题,同样出现了人名的,这个定位是非常好定位的。人名在这个地方,这个人叫奥巴马的妈妈,in law,这个人本身不是生你的妈妈,而是你结婚以后在法律上叫她为妈妈,就是丈母娘。所以咱们拓展一下,法律上的儿子,法律上的儿媳妇,这是奥巴马的丈母娘。说这个人他的反应将会对民众产生一个什么样的反应,先定位之后,这个人说同意离开芝加哥到白宫去帮助她的孙子辈们。这个地方我们需要知道一个东西,根据调查83%的人都认为,将会影响到美国的家庭,三分之二的人相信更多的家庭就会跟随着奥巴马的家庭,这是一个效益,领导人这么干,你也这么干。那26题咱们没有任何生僻的单词,直接选D选项,大部分认为它是一种趋势,就是搬去跟小孩们一起住,这也是这篇文章要讲的一个问题。

  咱们来看27题,说这个人是怎么说的,直接定位在这里,1960。IN the 1960年代,我们都是有点狂野的,不能离家足够的远,去证明我们能够靠自己生活。在六十年代的时候我们都是一些内心心怀狂野的,美国经济大萧条过后的那批小孩,他们心里面很迫切的想要离开家越来越远,并且能够过快的离开家,证明他们能自食其力。这个地方要看我们现在认识到了家庭的重要性,说明在当时其实大家是想远离家的,走得越远越。所以这个题咱们基本上也能选到正确答案,他们希望远离他们的父母。

  28题,这个题很多人会做错。我也给我好几个班上的同学看了,他们这个题选的很怪,最后一段要求祖父母,他们需要去干什么,这个选项有,更多的认识自己,你们都选了同一个错误答案了。那更多的去认识自己错的,选C的也有,为他们的小孩进行一些牺牲。我们来看看28题的最后一段说什么,他说moving is not for everyone…。让你的孙子辈们在遥远的地方,尤其是知道你的这些成年的小孩正在挣扎,但是放弃你已有的生活会变得更痛苦。我们在这个地方不是去纠结到底是哪一个问题,咱们这段讨论的问题是什么?并不是每一个老人都合适搬到去跟他的小孩们住,有些时候你可能愿意做一些牺牲,但是有些时候可能你们去访问,不在一起住也是更好的,让你的小孩们在遥远的地方看着他们挣扎着生活很困难的,但是放弃你现有的生活也会变得更困难,我们现在纠结的问题在于对,就是这个A选项。而这个同学已经了还的像一个托一样。后面给了大家,给了读者一个开放性的话题,说你搬过去住不容易,但是你在远方看着你的小孩们挣扎也很难,但是意味着你要放弃现有的生活,也是很困难的一件事情。所以说这是一个两难的东西,你需要自己去抉择,这个才是最后一段的意思,所以我们会涉及到A选项,有感兴趣的意思,这个地方的本意叫做利益。你要考虑到最有利的那一方,两边都很难,你要衡量一下取最有利的地方,应该选A。28题出现了一个开放性的段落,给了你一个开放性的说法,让你去选择一个答案的时候有两个疑惑。最后一段这两个地方,看着自己的小孩挣扎是十分痛苦的,但是放弃自己的生活也是很困难的,这是一个选择的问题,不是去了解你自己的问题。一个选择的问题,你到底是愿意放弃你现有的生活去帮助你小孩,还是愿意看着你小孩受苦,但是现在过着比较舒适的生活,所以说并不是只有了解你自己,而是去考虑两害相加取其轻者。这就是现在觉得全国卷相对来说,考察的东西我觉得真的是一种应试的东西在减少,更多的是给大家思考。



  I am peter Hodes, a volunteer stem courier。 Since March 2012, I‘ve done 89 trips of those , 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I’ve got two ice packs and that‘s how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time。

  I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America。 I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London。 But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said:” Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you-there are no fights from Washington。” So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said: ” In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom。” She just dropped everything。 She arranged for a flight on a small plane to be held for me, re-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled。

  For this courier job, you’re consciously aware than that box you’re got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life。

  29。 Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph17?

  A provider                       B delivery man

  C collector                                             D medical doctor

  30。 Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours? A。 He cannot stay away from his job too long。 B。 The donor can only wait for that long。 C。 The operation needs that very much。 D。 The ice won‘t last any longer。 31。 Which flight did the woman put Peter on first? A。 To London                    B。  To Newark C。 To Providence               D。 To Washington


  C篇阅读,这个把大部分的同学做崩溃了。有一个集中的问题,不明白这个作者到底想表达什么东西。stem courier,这个地方干细胞在第二句话的时候,而第一句话看不懂是什么东西,第一个题就问你这个作者是干什么的。A选项是提供者,B是送快递的,C是收集者,D是医生。选医生的人很多,因为后面在说拯救生命,咱们知道猜词这个比的做法,你一定不要下面的选项,而是把这个东西咱们给它去掉,当作完形填空,如果是问一个词义什么意思,你直接填逻辑上有的意思,而不要去填下面选项的意思,这样容易把你带着走,就是我叫谁谁谁,我是干什么的不知道。2012年我做了89个旅游,51次是在国外,我有42个小时去携带干细胞在我的小盒子里,因为我只有两个冰袋。再看看后面说收获收集,我收集了捐献者的东西,然后我们有72小时最多的时间,所以我总是对时间很在意。conscious这是意识的意思。我有42小时采集干细胞,所以他是一个送快递的,这个题基本上是送分题。





  The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups。 Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say。 A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry。 Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation。 Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person‘s needs。

  Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do。 Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing。 In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection。

  Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power。 For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion。 However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her。 In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority。

  Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing。 Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily。 A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures。

  32。 What does the author say about silence in conversations?

  A。 It implies anger。

  B。 It promotes friendship。

  C。 It is culture-specific。

  D。 It is content-based。

  33。 Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?

  A。 The Chinese。

  B。 The French。

  C。 The Mexicans。

  D。 The Russians。

  34。 What does the author advice nurses to do about silence?

  A。 Let it continue as the patient pleases。

  B。 Break it while treating patients。

  C。 Evaluate its harm to patients。

  D。 Make use of its healing effects。

  35。 What may be the best title for the text?

  A。 Sound and Silence

  B。 What It Means to Be Silent

  C。 Silence to Native Americans

  D。 Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold



  33题哪个地方的人们把沉默这个东西,首先在第二段看,会出现一个a call for reflection。老师有时候开班会就会说我知道你们有些人在下面干什么,但是我不说,老师在说我不说的时候,拼死的盯住那个人,一阵沉默,中国人把沉默看作一个慢慢去想的。


  顺便把这个答案也给说了,Make use of its healing effects。帮助更好的解决患者的问题,有的患者说了话你要好好想。这篇文章的最佳标题是什么,这就是说明文的标文写法,第一段总起,沉默的意义有很多,下面一些人认为沉默是什么,另一些人认为沉默是什么,护士需要注意什么。这个不说了。


  Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer。

  People have used secret codes for thousands of years。 36 Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making。 The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography。

  There are three main types of cryptography。 37 For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me。”

  38 You might represent each letter with a number, for example; let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26。 If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5。”

  A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences。 To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book。 39 For example,”bridge“might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me。” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me。” 40 However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long。 So codes must be changed frequently。

  A。 It is very hard to break a code without the code book。 B。 In any language, some letters are used more than others。 C。 Only people who know the keyword can read the message。 D。 As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them。 E。 You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out。 F.With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words。 G.Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet。




  A Heroic Driver

  Larry works with Transport Drivers。 Inc。 One morning in 2009。 Larry was __41__along 165 north after delivering to one of his    42   。 Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on。    43   he got closer, he found 44   vehicle upside down on the road。 One more look and he noticed    45   shooting out from under the    46   vehicle。 Larry pulled over, set the brake and    47   the fire extinguisher (灭火器)。 Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out。

  The man who had his bright lights on    48   and told Larry he had    49   an emergency call。 They    50   heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle。    51   the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window。 They told her to stay    52   until the emergency personnel arrived,    53   she thought the car was going to    54   。 Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move    55   she injured her neck。

  Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man    56   and let them go to work。 Then, Larry asked the    57   if he was needed or    58   to go。 They let him and the other man go。

  One thing is    59   —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His    60   most likely saved the woman’s life。

  41。 A。 walking                   B。 touring           C.traveling               D.rushing

  42。 A。 passengers             B。 colleagues     C。 employers              D。 customers

  43。 A。 Since                       B。 Although      C。 As                           D。 If

  44。 A。 each                      B。 another          C。 that                        D。 his

  45。 A。 flames                  B。 smoke            C。 water                      D。 steam

  46。 A。 used                        B。 disabled          C。 removed                D。 abandoned

  47。 A。 got hold of           B。 prepared             C。 took charge of      D。 controlled

  48。 A。 came down          B。 came through     C。 came in           D。 came over

  49。 A。 returned                  B。 received         C。 made               D。 confirmed

  50。 A。 then                      B。 again              C。 finally                  D。 even

  51。 A。 Starting                   B。 Parking          C。 Passing               D。 Approaching

  52。 A。 quiet                     B。 still                 C。 away                       D。 calm

  53。 A。 for                           B。 so                  C。 and                         D。 but

  54。 A。 explode                   B。 slip away      C。 fall apart                D。 crash

  55。 A。 as if                B。 unless                  C。 in case                 D。 after

  56。 A。 stepped forward   B。 backed off             C。 moved on              D。 set out

  57。 A。 woman                 B。 police                     C。 man                        D。 driver

  58。 A。 forbidden               B。 ready                      C。 asked                            D。 free

  59。 A。 for certain              B。 for consideration  C。 reported                 D。 checked

  60。 A。 patience                  B。 skills                       C。 efforts                    D。 promise






  当这个火被扑灭的时候,让专业的人员去救火。后面有一个题非常难,破的人很多,police,他是否被需要怎么样呢?这个问题就在于大家并没有把情感色彩给代入到完形填空当中,我阅读的时间多一些,并没有把具体的感情代入到当中。就像刚刚说那个车到底是怎么回事,你想现在你走在路上有一个人受伤了,你把他扶起来了,这个时候警察来了,你是不是特别担心警察问这是不是你干的。那这个时候你如果有事,你要走,你要问警察能不能走了,你不会问警察,你们会不会让我走,这个是作贼心虚才会问的,你们让我走吗,还是要求我留下,就感觉他跟这个事故有一定的关联,并没有。你站在人的角度,他做了好事,这时候警察来接手了,好人不留名,我就问警察,警察叔叔还有没有我什么帮忙的,没什么我就走了。所以说free to go,这是情感的一个代入。所以说这个题可以着重讲一下。59题和60题就送分了,一定是通过他的努力拯救了这个妇女的生命。


  Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels。 But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____61_ (attract)。

  So it was a great honor to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I_____62_(allow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre。 From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador。 The title will be __63___(official) given to me at a ceremony in London。 But my connection with pandas goes back ____64__ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____65_ I was the first Western TV reporter__66___ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild。 My ambassadorial duties will include ____67_(introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia。

  On my recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by _____68_ (it) mother。 The nursery team switches him every few __69__( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, __70____ other is with mum-she never suspects。




  My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live 。Though not very big ,but the Restaurant is popular in our area 。It is always crowded with customers at meal times 。Some People even had to wait outside My uncle tells me that the key to his Success is honest。 Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking。 My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time。 Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady。





  假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr。 Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format)


  1。 词数100左右; 2。 可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。